In this follow-on work as part of the NECCESS EFRC, a combination of hard and soft x–ray photoelectron and absorption spectroscopy techniques to depth profile solid state synthesized LiVOPO4, a promising multi-electron electrode for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. This work confirms that limited kinetics in the high voltage regime are responsible for the inability to fully intercalate 2 Li in this material. The evolution from LiVOPO4 to Li2VOPO4 via the intermediate phases as predicted in our previous work (“Thermodynamics, Kinetics and Structural Evolution of ε-LiVOPO4 over Multiple Lithium Intercalation”) is confirmed by O K–edge absorption spectroscopy and DFT calculations. Yuh-chieh Lin and Shyue Ping Ong are co-authors in this work.
Our article on “An integrated first principles and experimental investigation of the relationship between structural rigidity and quantum efficiency in phosphors for solid state lighting” has just been published in the Journal of Luminescence. This work is a collaborative effort between the McKittrick and Ong groups, and Jungmin Ha and Zhenbin Wang are co-first authors. In this work, we test the hypothesis of whether high host structural rigidity results in phosphors with high quantum efficiency, and show using an integrated approach that combines DFT calculations and experimental studies that a high Debye temperature alone is not a sufficient condition for a high quantum efficiency.
Richard Tran and Zihan Xu published their paper on “Computational study of metallic dopant segregation and embrittlement at Molybdenum grain boundaries” in Acta Materialia. Mo and its alloys are important refractory materials for high temperature applications, but suffer from low ductility. In this work, we investigated the segregation and strengthening effects of 29 metallic dopants using DFT and empirical continuum models. We show that dopant chemistry and site preference plays a significant role in segregation behavior and strengthening effects at the GBs that deviate from simple bond-breaking arguments. Ta, Re, Os and W are predicted to have a weak strengthening effect on Mo for the Σ5(310) tilt GB, and Mn, Fe, Co and Nb are predicted to have reasonable strengthening effects for the Σ5(100) twist GB. Check out the paper at our publications page.
Congratulations to Zhenbin on his first paper “Electronic Structure Descriptor for Discovery of Narrow-Band Red-Emitting Phosphors” in Chemistry of Materials! Narrow-band red-emitting phosphors are a critical component in phosphor-converted light-emitting diodes for highly efficient illumination-grade lighting. In this work, we report the discovery of a quantitative descriptor for narrow-band Eu2+-activated emission identified through a comparison of the electronic structure of known narrow-band and broad-band phosphors. By incorporating this descriptor in a high throughput first principles screening of 2,259 nitride compounds, we identify five promising new nitride hosts for Eu2+-activated red-emitting phosphors that are predicted to exhibit good chemical stability, thermal quenching resistance and quantum efficiency, as well as narrow-band emission.
Our group has recently been invited to write a comprehensive review on computational studies of solid-state alkali conductivity in rechargeable alkali-ion batteries. This article has now been published in NPG Asia Materials! Check it out at http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/am.2016.7.
Iek-Heng Chu just published a new article in ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. This is a highly collaborative work involving the expertise of many MAVRL group members as well as the Meng group. In this work, we investigate the performance limits of Li7P3S11, a highly promising lithium superionic conductor solid electrolyte. We find that Li7P3S11 is metastable at 0 K but becomes stable at above 630 K (∼360°C) when vibrational entropy contributions are accounted for, in agreement with differential scanning calorimetry measurements. Both scanning electron microscopy and the calculated Wulff shape show that Li7P3S11 tends to form relatively isotropic crystals. In terms of electrochemical stability, first-principles calculations predict that, unlike the LiCoO2 cathode, the olivine LiFePO4 and spinel LiMn2O4 cathodes are likely to form stable passivation interfaces with the Li7P3S11 SCE. This finding underscores the importance of considering multicomponent integration in developing an all-solid-state architecture. We also find that the AIMD-predicted room-temperature Li+ conductivity of 57 mS/cm is much higher than the experimental values suggesting the potential for further optimization.
Paul Lin published his first-author paper on the “Thermodynamics, Kinetics and Structural Evolution of ε-LiVOPO4 over Multiple Lithium Intercalation”in Chemistry of Materials, as well as his co-author paper in ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces on “Thermal Stability and Reactivity of Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries”. These papers are collaborative work as part of the NorthEast Center for Chemical Energy Storage and focuses on multi-electron rechargeable battery cathodes that have the potential to yield much higher energy densities than traditional single-electron chemistries.
Congratulations to Zhuoying on her first paper in Chemistry of Materials title “Role of Na+ Interstitials and Dopants in Enhancing the Na+ Conductivity of the Cubic Na3PS4 Superionic Conductor”. In this work, we studied the effect of Na+ interstitials on the stability and ionic conductivity in the highly promising cubic Na3PS4 superionic conductor. We find that dopants significantly enhance the Na+ ionic conductivity and predict that Sn4+ doping may yield higher conductivities than previously achieved. The other authors are Iek-Heng Chu and Zhi Deng.
Congratulations to Paul on his first paper in Chemistry of Materials. This paper investigates interfacial effects in the ε-LiVOPO4 multi-electron cathode material.
Zhi Deng, Zhenbin Wang and Iek-Heng Chu have just published their paper on “Elastic Properties of Alkali Superionic Conductor Electrolytes from First Principles Calculations” in the Journal of the Electrochemical Society. This work examines the elastic properties of ceramic alkali superionic conductor that are of interest in enabling safer, more energy dense all-solid-state batteries. Elastic properties have a critical influence on the fabrication, operation, and design of a battery.